The Asian Development Bank debarred 34 individuals last year, and 31 firms. Debarment means they're ineligible to participate in ADB-financed, administered, or supported activities.
The ADB also cross debarred 37 firms and 12 individuals under mutual debarment agreements with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, and the World Bank. Currently, 53 firms and 29 individuals are cross debarred by the ADB.
In 2011, the bank's Office of Anticorruption and Integrity received 225 complaints, an all-time high. At the start of 2011, 95 open complaints from prior years were pending. Ninety-four of those complaints became investigations in 2011; 117 were closed and 109 are still open in 2012.
Since 1998, the ADB has debarred 459 firms and 448 individuals. Some have appealed and won, others have served out their debarment. As of last month, 374 firms and 404 individuals were ineligible to participate in ADB-financed activity.
The ADB's 'base sanction' for corruption and integrity violations is a 3-year debarment, adjustable up to seven years or down to one year depending on the circumstances. Second offenses are subject to ten-year debarments for firms and indefinite debarments for individuals. For third offenses, companies can be debarred up to 20 years.
The Manila-based Asian Development Bank was founded in 1966 to provide development financing for the Asia Pacific region. It has 67 member countries, with 2,800 employees from 59 countries. The ADB has approved about $17.5 billion in financing.
Of the corruption and integrity investigations last year, 60% were for fraud, 14% for collusion, and 10% for coercion. Conflicts of interest made up 3% of the complaints.
The public, unfortunately, can't access the ADB's complete debarment list. That's reserved for member-country governments only. (More sunshine, please.)
The cross debarment list is open to everyone. On it we saw some Alstom companies debarred for two years by the World Bank until February 2015. Alstom units from Switzerland, France, Morocco, Peru, and China were cited for violations of the World Bank's 1996 Procurement Guidelines.
An Australian subsidiary of KBR is there -- banned for two years by the World Bank in 2011 for violating the 2004 Consultant Guidelines.
Indonesian firms and individuals dominate the cross-debarment list, with 43 entries. China has 10 entries, the U.S. and India both have 9, and France 7, among other countries.
The ADB's list of cross debarred companies and individuals is here.
Access to the full ADB debarment list (for registered users only) is here.
The 2011 Report to the President of the ADB from the Office of Anticorruption and Integrity is here.